Foundation Seed Production

FOUNDATION SEED PRODUCTION

 

The production and maintenance of foundation seed of CCRRF rice varieties is an important RES activity. The foundation seed program is a cooperative program between CCRRF and the California Crop Improvement Association (CCIA) at UCD. Its purpose is to assure availability of pure, weed free, and high quality seed of CCRRF rice varieties for the benefit of the California rice industry. The RES Rice Breeding Program has developed 47 improved rice varieties in 10 different market types since the accelerated research program began in 1969. Although the RES foundation seed program is self-sustaining and not supported with CRRB or UC funds, the cooperation of CCRRF-CCIA-UC Cooperative Extension makes the program possible and has resulted in the wide spread use of certified seed by the California rice growers. Foundation seed of 14 public rice varieties and basic seed of a Japanese premium quality variety were produced on 140 acres at RES in 2016. California rice growers interested in producing certified rice seed should contact the California Crop Improvement Association for more information.

The foundation seed program at RES provides an adequate supply of pure, high quality seed of CCRRF rice varieties for California rice seed growers. Foundation Seed allocations are performed by CCIA. Foundation Seed of CCRRF rice varieties has not and will not be provided to anyone for seed increase purposes except California rice growers through the foundation seed program. In 1988 the CCRRF Board of Directors adopted a new policy to protect new rice varieties under the U.S. Plant Variety Protection Act, Title V of the National Seed Act. CCRRF is the sole owner of the rice varieties. Export of seed of protected rice varieties is prohibited unless written authorization is granted by CCRRF. Seed of protected varieties may be sold only as a class of certified seed produced in California unless written permission is granted by CCRRF because of certified seed shortages, in which case grade (common) seed sales may be permitted. No royalties are assessed on seed rice of our varieties.

In 2000 CCRRF began seeking additional protection for new rice varieties in the form of US Utility Patents. This decision was made in response to growth in the biotechnology sector and the use of CCRRF rice varieties in private genetic engineering/breeding programs. Use of these varieties for research purposes requires a Material Transfer Agreement from CCRRF.

In November of 2017, in response to growing contamination with weedy red rice and non-compliance with existing seed laws, the CCRRF Board of Directors amended the policy on the use and planting of seed of CCRRF rice varieties as follows: 

      Only classes of certified seed of CCRRF rice varieties may be planted.

      All restrictions associated with US Plant Variety Protection Act (PVP) must be followed (e.g. varieties to be sold as a class of certified seed only). Possible violations will be referred to the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) for investigation.

      Foundation Seed of CCRRF rice varieties will only be allocated through the California Crop Improvement Association to California rice growers who have been approved to produce certified classes of rice seed.

      In accordance with state seed law, sellers of rice seed must also be registered with CDFA.

      Foundation Seed cannot be resold or transferred without written permission from CCRRF.

      Purchasers of Foundation Seed are now required to sign the Material Transfer Agreement for patented rice varieties. All of their customers must be notified of the restrictions on the use of seed of CCRRF varieties.

CCRRF initiated a voluntary and aggressive testing program of foundation seed for the presence of the Liberty Link Trait that was discovered at trace levels in Southern US long-grain rice in 2006. This included GIPSA approved third party PCR testing for the LLRice601 event, any Liberty Link trait (35S::bar), and sampling and testing by USDA-APHIS. Results involving a total of 98 pooled PCR tests were non-detect on all samples. CCRRF foundation and basic seed samples have been tested annually as required by the California Rice Commission have all been non-detect.

 

Rice Variety

S-102 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-104 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-105 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-205 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-206 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-209  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-401 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

M-402 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

L-206 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

L-207 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Calmochi-101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Calmochi-203   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Calhikari-201 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Calhikari-202 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Calmati-202 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A-202 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

RES Varieties in 2016

Plant Variety Protection Certificate (PVPC), Title IV Option, or PVPC applied for that specifies variety can be sold only by name as a class of certified seed in the United States of America.

Utility patent issued, pending, and PVP.

 Grain Type

 Short Grain

 Calrose

 Calrose

 Calrose

 Calrose

 Calrose

 Premium Medium Grain

 Premium Medium Grain

 Long Grain

 Long Grain

 Waxy Short Grain

 Waxy Short Grain

 Premium Short Grain

 Premium Short Grain

 Long Grain Basmati

 Long Grain Aromatic